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Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold
Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold      
 
ИВ АРНОЛЬД: 'Портрет без лести'
Майкл Лэнгфорд
Ив Арнольд родилась в Соединенных Штатах, в семье выходцев из России, занимается документальной фотографией. Ее имя стало известным благодаря разнообразным по тематике фотоочеркам: о провинциальной Америке, голливудских кинозвездах, рождении детей. В ее работах ощущается сопереживание, они откровенны, заставляют мыслить. За долгие годы Ив Арнольд сумела глубоко изучить близкие ей темы и расширить круг своих профессиональных и человеческих интересов. Она склонна избирать для съемки те объекты, которые находят в ней живой отклик, и порицает фотографов, подчиняющихся соображениям коммерческого успеха. К некоторым темам она периодически возвращается в своем творчестве - это нищета, дети, и главная тема-женщины. Помещенные здесь фотографии, взяты из ее книги 'Женщина без ретуши', в которой она стремилась показать, как живут и работают женщины. В сериях снимков, посвященных звездам Голливуда, таким, как Мэрилин Монро и Джоан Кроу форд, Арнольд не впадает в привычную идеализацию, когда объект позирует в наиболее выгодной обстановке, а ретушер подчищает помарки. Она избирает другой путь и застает звезд врасплох, когда в них нет вычурности и наигранности. В этом ее манера прямо противоположна портретам знаменитостей, которые снимает Карш, с их тщательно продуманными позами и студийным освещением. Хотя основную роль в своем творчестве Арнольд отводит, конечно, людям, ее фотографии свидетельствуют об остром чувстве формы и тональной композиции. Особенно поражает ее умение так строить кадр, чтобы детали заднего плана дополняли характеристику персонажа, не 'подавляя' его.



Eve Arnold
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Eve Arnold (born April 21, 1912) is an American photojournalist and was the first female member of the Magnum Photos agency (in 1951, becoming a full member in 1957).

Arnold was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to immigrant Russian-Jewish parents, William (born Velvel Sklarski) and Bessie Cohen (born Bosya Laschiner). Her interest in becoming a photographer began in 1946, when she worked for a photo-finishing plant in New York City. She briefly learned photographic skills in 1948 from Harper"s Bazaar art director, Alexei Brodovitch.

Arnold is best known for her benevolent, intimate images of actress Marilyn Monroe on the set of Monroe"s last (1961) film, The Misfits, but she took many photos of Monroe from 1951 onwards. An exhibition of previously unseen photos of Monroe was displayed at the Halcyon Gallery in London in May 2005. Marilyn trusted Arnold more than any other photographer, a relationship that is well-documented. Due to Arnold"s sympathetic approach towards her subjects and protective nature of them afterwards, she is able to capture a closeness that is not easy for most others to capture.

Not only has Arnold photographed VIPs such as Queen Elizabeth II, Malcolm X, and Joan Crawford, she has traveled extensively around the world, photographing in China, Russia, South Africa, and Afghanistan. In 1980, she had her first solo exhibition which featured her photographic work in China at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City. She also did a series of portraits of American Presidents" wives.

She currently lives in Britain, where she continues to be an important part of the British photography scene.

Famous Photographs

Marilyn Monroe, 1960.
Horse Training for the Militia in Inner Mongolia, 1979.
Jacqueline Kennedy arranging flowers with daughter Caroline, 1961.
Books by Eve Arnold

The Unretouched Woman, 1976.
Flashback: The 50"s, 1978.
In China, 1980.
In America, 1983.
Marilyn for Ever, 1987.
Marilyn Monroe: An Appreciation, 1987.
All in a Day"s Work, 1989.
The Great British, 1991.
In Retrospect, 1995.
Film Journal, 2002.
Handbook, 2004
Awards Received

Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 1997.
Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters, Staffordshire University.
Doctor of Humanities, Richmond, the American International University in London.
Master Photographer, International Centre of Photography, NYC.
Honorary OBE by the British Government.

Eve Arnold Biography
Philadelphia, USA, 1912
A renowned American photographer, Eve Arnold is most famous for her intimate images of Marilyn Monroe. She has also photographed Queen Elizabeth II, Jackie Kennedy, Malcolm X, and Joan Crawford, among others. Her sympathetic approach towards her subjects allows her to deftly capture a closeness attained by few others, both in these portraits, as well as in her work in China, Russia, South Africa, and Afghanistan.

Arnold began photographing while working at a photo-finishing plant in New York. She later studied with Alexei Brodovitch, Harper's Bazaar's art director, at New York City's New School, and became the first female member of Magnum Photos agency, in 1955.

She currently lives and works in Great Britain.

Selected Bibliography

- All in a Day"s Work. 1989
- Eve Arnold: Film Journal, 2002
- Eve Arnold: The Hand Book, 2004
- Flashback: The 50"s, 1978
- The Great British, 1991
- In America, 1983
- In China, 1980
- In Retrospect, 1995
- 'Magna Brava: Magnum"s Women Photographers,' Nov. 1999
- Marilyn for Ever, 1987
- Marilyn Monroe, 2005
- Marilyn Monroe. An Appreciation. 1987
- Private View: Inside Baryshnikov"s American Ballet Theatre, 1988
- The Unretouched Woman, 1976

Selected Awards and Honors

- Doctor of Humanities, Richmond, the American International University in London
- Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters, Staffordshire University
- Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 1997
- Honorary OBE by the British Government
- Kraszna-Krausz Book Award, In Retrospect, 1995
- Master Photographer, International Centre of Photography, NYC
- Lifetime Achievement Award, American Society of Magazine Photographers
- National Book Award, In China, 1980


Intimate with Monroe, Clift and Newman
"If a photographer cares about the people before the lens, much is given" - Eve Arnold"s words were borne out time and time again by her work. Her pictures of Marilyn Monroe were some of the loveliest and most intimate ever taken, undoubtedly because Monroe trusted Arnold so implicitly. So too did Paul Newman, Malcolm X and the cast of the Misfits: Gable, Monroe and Clift, all emotionally and physically battered and facing their final curtain-call. Eve Arnold began taking pictures in 1946; by 1951 she had become the first female photographer to join Magnum Photos. Half a century on, her staying power is not in doubt.


Holly Kyte
 
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